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  1. P. Osti, P. Lassila and S. Aalto, Performance of D2D Underlay and Overlay for Multi-class Elastic Traffic, Computer Communications, vol. 117, pp. 147-163, 2018 (link)(bib)
    Abstract: We explore the performance of different resource allocation schemes for transferring elastic traffic in a cellular network that is either overlaid or underlaid with D2D traffic. To this end, we model a single cell during uplink transmissions and jointly consider the presence of a randomly varying number of D2D and cellular users in the system. Various queueing models are developed to study the performance of different resource sharing schemes for D2D overlay and underlay schemes assuming a so-called Boolean interference model between cellular and D2D traffic. Multi-class models have been used in particular to differentiate near and far cellular users with different achievable transmission rates. Our numerical studies reveal that the performance of the different schemes is sensitive to the load levels in the cell, as well as the interference range of cellular users in the underlay scheme. Overall, the underlay scheme appears to provide the best performance, even for quite high interference range values. Simulations with a more realistic SINR-based interference model suggest also similar gains for the underlay scheme. On the other hand, in the overlay schemes where resources are reserved separately for cellular and D2D users, the so-called dynamic overlay method we propose appears to perform better than the static overlay scheme.