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  1. J. Karvo, Efficient simulation of blocking probabilities for multi-layer multicast streams, in Proceedings of Networking 2002, pp. 1020-1031, Springer-Verlag, 2002, Pisa, Italy (bib)
    Abstract: This paper presents an efficient algorithm for Monte-Carlo simulation of time blocking probabilities for multi-layer multicast streams with the assumption that blocked calls are lost. Users may join and leave the multicast connections freely, thus creating dynamic multicast trees. The earlier published algorithms are applicable to small networks or networks with few users. The present simulation algorithm is based on the inverse convolution method, and is the only effective way to handle large systems, known to the author.